Australian Cattle Dog

Meet the Australian Cattle Dog: A Remarkable Breed of Herding Canines

Today, we’re going to discuss a unique working dog breed that is well known for its herding and working prowess. It’s a dog of the Australian Cattle dog variety. This dog breed is known for their high energy level and intelligence. They could exhibit nipping at heels or trying to herd other animals or kids as a result of a strong herding instinct. So, let’s do further research on the Cattle dog. 

Australian Cattle dog

History of Cattle Dog Breed

If we discuss the background of this dog breed, in 1830, the Cattle rancher Thomas Hall worked proactively to develop this cattle dog breed in New South Wales, Australia, because he wanted to create a working dog that could control special challenges and was well-appropriated to the Australian climate. 

Over time, this dog breed was developed as two distinct lines: the Red Heeler and the Blue Heeler. In the early 20th century, this dog was recognized as a distinct breed. In 1903, the Australian National Kennel Club (ANKC) recognized this dog breed. In 1980, the American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized it as a dog breed.

Australian Cattle dog

Below are some main standards of cattle dog breeds that are officially accepted by national and international bodies.

Australian Cattle dog

  1. Head: The head should be strong and balanced with other proportions of the dog. 
  2. Eyes: Eyes should be medium size and of oval shape.
  3. Ears: Eyes are moderate size and small.
  4. Neck: The neck is extremely strong.
  5. Body: The body is strong 

What Are the Characteristics of Cattle Dogs

Below are the main characteristics of the Australian cattle dog breed that you should know.

What Are the Characteristics of Cattle Dogs

  1. Group: Herding
  2. Size: medium size
  3. Weight: 35 to 50 pounds
  4. Height: 17 to 20 inches
  5. Other Names: Queensland heeler and blue or red heeler 
  6. Coat: dense double coat.
  7. Colors: blue-gray with speckles
  8. Temperaments: intelligent, loyal and active
  9. Hypoallergenic: No
  10. Origin: Australia
  11. Puppy Price: between $300 from $3000
  12. Life span: 12 to 16 years

Cattle Dogs’ Temperaments

Before investing in a cattle dog, you should know if they have the characteristics and temperament to suit your family properly.

Cattle Dogs’ Temperaments

  1. Intelligent: Due to their intelligence, this breed is skilled at canine sports obedience training. Therefore, they are famous as capable problem solvers.
  2. Energetic: Due to their great energy, these dogs require regular mental and physical stimulation. Without that exercise, they can get used to destructive behaviors and boredom.
  3. Herding instincts: They have strong herding instincts, which occasionally show out in their behavior, such as nibbling at heels or attempting to herd other animals or kids.
  4. Playful: They love to enjoy interactive games and toys with children and owners because of their playful nature.
  5. Protectiveness: Cattle dogs are naturally protected from strangers and are famous as vigilant guardians because of their strong protective instincts.

What Are the Health Issues That Cattle Dogs Have

The primary health problems and treatments for cattle dogs are listed below. Knowing them will help  their owners identify these problems and take preventive measures early.

What Are the Health Issues That Cattle Dogs Have

  1. Hip Dysplasia: One of the primary health concerns for cattle dogs is this. If their hip joint does not grow properly, they will have to deal with this orthopedic problem. So, Care about this issue, especially when they are in childhood.
  2. Elbow Dysplasia: This health issue is the same as Hip Dysplasia. They may endure this issue if their elbow doesn’t develop correctly. So, take care of your cattle dog from these orthopedic issues.
  3. Hypothyroidism: If their thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, they are prone to have Hypothyroidism. It can cause other health issues like weight gain and skin issues. So, meet a veterinary surgeon regularly and save your cattle dog from these health problems.
  4. Cataracts: This is an eye issue cattle dogs have to face. You can prevent this eye issue by surgical intervention.

Maintenance of Cattle Dogs

How can we maintain the cattle dog easily? Below are some main key points about that.

Maintenance of Cattle Dogs

  1. Health:  In general, cattle dogs are a healthy breed. However, they may be more vulnerable to some common health problems. Therefore, regular veterinary examinations and appropriate care can maintain the general health of your dog.
  2. Nutrition: you should give them high-quality dog food, including home-prepared foods or commercially manufactured foods, according to their size, age, and activity level. In addition, please always try to give them clean and fresh water. Furthermore, before giving them food, think about whether those foods are safe for your cattle dog because some human foods are unsafe for them.
  3. Grooming: the cattle dogs have double-layer coats, including overcoat and undercoat. But the undercoat is shed by cattle dogs twice a year. Remember, you should brush their coat using a comb and a short-bristle brush to remove the loose hair during the shedding season.
  4. Exercise: There needs to be more than just a simple walk and some yard time for these Cattle Dogs. Because they are a high-energy and very active dog breed, they want high-energy exercises, obedience and agility training.
  5. Training: cattle dogs must want basic obedience commands like sit, stay, recall, and early socialization. In addition to that, they want to continue training and participating in activities such as herding and agility. 

Australian Cattle Dog Recognitions

There are numerous significant kennel clubs and breed associations that recognize the Cattle Dog, including: 

Australian Cattle Dog Recognitions

  1. American Kennel Club (AKC)
  2. United Kennel Club (UKC)
  3. The Kennel Club (UK)
  4. Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC)

Price of Cattle Dogs Puppy

Costs for cattle dog breed puppies range from $300 to $3000. However, it relies on various variables, including the scarcity of breeders, the annual birth rate of puppies, and the price of medical tests. 

Australian Cattle Dog FAQ

These are the specific questions about Cattle dogs most people ask about.

Is an Australian Cattle Dog a Good Family Dog?

There are many reasons why they are good family dogs, like playfulness, adaptability, and protectiveness. With proper socialization, they are highly affectionate with people and other pets, specializing in older children.

Why Are Australian Cattle Dogs So Popular?

Cattle dogs are unexpectedly loyal to the children and do not bark a lot. Therefore, they are not a problem to small and young children who are sensitive to loud noises. That’s why they are popular among the dog breeds.

Are Australian Cattle Dogs Very Smart?

This cattle dog is extremely intelligent and courageous. Although they don’t bark, they are devoted to their owners and suspicious of strangers. When used as a watchdog, they are extremely protective.

Do Australian Cattle Dogs Drink a Lot of Water?

This larger dog breed wants 2 liters of water per day. But the average cat wants only 200ml of water per day.


One of the hardest, smartest, and friendliest dog breeds, the Australian Cattle dog breed contributes positively to society. This dog breed, in our opinion, is among the best for keeping as a pet in your home. Using our description as a guide, determine if they are a good fit for your family.

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