Australian shepherd

The Australian Shepherd: Unveiling the Charm of This Energetic Canine Companion

Dogs are more liked by people because of their lovely and playful nature. Among them, this chapter is about the Australian shepherd dog and their characteristics, standards, and more things. They are famous for their herding abilities and intelligence. They are clever at various dog sports and activities such as obedience, herding trailers and agility because of their high energy level and intelligence. Let’s know more about them.

Australian shepherd

Historical Background of Shepherd

If we talk about shepherd dogs’ history, the American West’s ranching and herding activities in the late 19th and early 20th centuries are associated with this breed’s development. It is believed that the Basque shepherds brought this dog breed to the United States. Over time, the American farmers used these dogs to maintain livestock, sheep, and cattle.

The Australian Shepherd Club of America (ASCA) defined the following Shepherd dog’s characteristics, standards, and temperaments.

Standards of Shepherd Dog Breed

Below are some primary standards of shepherd dog breed that are officially accepted by national and international bodies.

Standards of Shepherd Dog Breed

  1. Head: their head is dry, clean, and strong.
  2. Eyes: Eyes are almond-shaped
  3. Ears: They have triangular and moderately shaped eyes.
  4. Neck: The neck is strong and moderate in length.
  5. Tali: They have a straight, docked, or naturally bobbed tail.
  6. Body: The body is well-muscled.

Characteristics of Shepherd Dogs

Here are some shepherd dog’s distinguishing characteristics which are different from other dog breeds.

Characteristics of Shepherd Dogs

  1. Group: Herding
  2. Size: Medium 
  3. Weight: 50 to 65 pounds male and 40 to 55 pounds female
  4. Height: 20 to 23 inches male and 18 to 21 inches female
  5. Coat: Waterproof double-layer coat.
  6. Colors: Black, Red, Merle, Red Merle, Blue Merle, red tricolor and black tricolor.
  7. Temperaments:  Energetic, active and intelligent
  8. Puppy Price: Between $700 to $3000
  9. Life Span: 12 to 15 years
  10. Origin: United States
  11. Hypoallergenic: No

What Are the Temperaments of Shepherd Dogs’

Before you invest in a shepherd dog, you should know if they have the characteristics and the right temperament to properly suit your family.

What Are the Temperaments of Shepherd Dogs’

  1. Social: Normally, they are sociable with other dogs and pets with proper socialization techniques. It helps to prevent their strong prey drives and aggressive actions.
  2. Playful: They love to enjoy interactive games and toys with children and owners because of their playful nature.
  3. Adaptable to various environments: With mental stimulation and sufficient exercise, they can adapt to rural or urban environments.
  4. Alertness: Shepherds are alert about potential threats or disturbances and respond to the movement of animals because of their sharp and attentive nature.

Health Problems of Shepherd Dogs

The primary health problems and treatments for Shepherd dogs are listed below. As their owner, it is essential to identify these signs early to prevent these issues.  

Health Problems of Shepherd Dogs

  1. Hip Dysplasia: Many dog breeds have this orthopedic issue, including Shepherd dogs. If their hip joint doesn’t develop correctly, they have to endure this orthopedic issue. So, Care about this issue, especially when they are in childhood.
  2. Eye Issues: Cataracts or progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) and Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) are the eye conditions that Shepherd dogs have. Regular eye examinations can prevent these eye issues.
  3. Sensitivity to Ivermectin: Shepherd dogs are sensitive to Ivermectin, which is used to treat parasites. You should be aware of this sensitivity early and meet veterinary surgeons for alternative treatments.
  4. Allergies: These allergies come in three different types: Skin allergies, food allergies, and environmental allergies. Due to this, Shepherd dogs are prone to other issues like skin problems, itching, and discomfort. Providing good foods and an environment can prevent these allergies.
  5. Elbow Dysplasia: This health issue is the same as Hip Dysplasia. They may endure this issue if their elbow doesn’t develop correctly. So, take care of your Shepherd dog from these orthopedic issues.

How to Maintain a Shepherd Dog

How can we maintain the shepherd dog easily? Below are some main key points about that.

How to Maintain a Shepherd Dog

  1. Health:  In general, shepherd dogs are a healthy breed. However, they may be more vulnerable to some common health problems. Therefore, regular veterinary examinations and appropriate care can maintain the general health of your dog.
  2. Nutrition: you should give them high-quality dog food, including home-prepared foods or commercially manufactured foods, according to their size, age, and activity level. In addition, please always try to give them clean and fresh water. Furthermore, before giving them food, think about whether those foods are safe for your shepherd dog because some human foods are unsafe for them.
  3. Grooming:  Remember, you should brush their waterproof double-layer coat using a wire brush to remove the abundant dead hair every two or three days during the shedding season.
  4. Exercises: they are high-energy, athletic dogs. Shepherd dogs want regular activities such as shepherding children, obedience, herding, agility trials, and dock diving.

Recognitions of Shepherd Dogs

There are numerous significant kennel clubs and breed associations that recognize the Shepherd Dog, including:

Recognitions of Shepherd Dogs

  1. American Kennel Club (AKC)
  2. United Kennel Club (UKC)
  3. Australian Shepherd Club of America (ASCA)
  4. The Kennel Club (UK)
  5. Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI)
  6. Canadian Kennel Club (CKC)

How About the Price of Shepherd Dogs’

Costs for shepherd dog breed puppies range from $700 to $3000. However, it relies on various variables, including the scarcity of breeders, the breeder’s standing, the puppy’s hair color, the annual birth rate of puppies, and the price of medical tests. 

Australian Shepherd Dogs FAQ

These are the specific questions about shepherd dogs most people ask about.

Is the Australian Shepherd a Friendly Dog?

Shepherd dogs are typically friendly with people and children. They spend their time and play games with their owners.

Will Australian Shepherds Protect You?

With proper socialization and training, they are a very devoted and highly intelligent dog breed. As good watchdogs, they protect their owners and family members well.

Why Are Australian Shepherds So Special?

Shepherds are a very special dog breed because they are well-suited to a variety of jobs, such as herding dogs, drug sniffing, and search and rescue. 

Do Australian Shepherd Dogs Bark a Lot?

Although shepherd dogs have a high energy, they don’t bark a lot. But when they want to alert their owners about unusual or unfamiliar things, they bark. 


Among different kinds of dog breeds, the Australian Shepherd dog breed is one of the strongest, courageous, and friendly breeds and has a positive impact. So, This dog breed is a suitable dog breed to consider when looking to adopt a new family pet.

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