American eskimo Dog Breed

Things to Know Before Adopting an American Eskimo Dog

If we talk about the American eskimo dogs, they are famous for their intelligence, alertness. They can protect their family as good watchdogs. But they can be a bit reserved with outsiders, and most of the time,they become friends with them after a while. 

American eskimo

This dog breed’s short name is the “Eskie”‘. Their three sizes are: Standard, Toy and miniature. There is a  Characteristic “smile” on their face and a white double coat on their body. So they are popular for their charming appearance among the dog breeds. Let’s know more details about them.

This Dog Breed History

You know, In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, German and other European immigrants brought  these dogs to the United States. In those centuries, this dog breed was known as the “White German Spitz” or the “American Spitz”. During World War 1, these names were changed to the “American Eskimo Dog”’. However In 1995, The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized this dog breed we know today.

Eskimo Dog Breed Standard

If we talk about that dog breed standard The American Kennel Club (AKC) introduced this breed’s standards. We have given details of the standards in the following description.

Eskimo Dog Breed Standard
  1. Head: Wedge-shaped with triangular ears.
  2. Eyes: The eyes are medium in size and come with dark brown colour.
  3. Body: This dogs’ body is compact.
  4. Coat: two different coats:  a longer outercoat / a dense undercoat
  5. Temperament: They are very friendly and intelligent 

Eskimo Dog Breed Physical Traits

This dog breed is famous for their charming and elegant physical traits. Follow these pieces of information and get some ideas about them.

Eskimo Dog Breed Physical Traits
  1. Group: Non-sporting group / Northern Breeds
  2. Other names: American Spitz, Eskimo Spitz, German Spitz, Eskie
  3. Size: Their three sizes are: standard, Toy, Miniature
  4. Height: 
    1. Standard Size: 15 to 19 inches
    2. Toy Size: 9 to 12 inches
    3. Miniature Size: 12 to 15 inches
  1. Weight: 
    1. Standard: 25 to 35 pounds
    2. Toy: 6 to 10 pounds
    3. Miniature: 10 to 20 pounds
  1. Coat Colour: Pure white and slightly Cream 
  2. Lifespan: 13 to 15 years.
  3. Origin: United States / Germany 
  4. Puppy prices: Average $1000- $2000 USD

This Dog Breed Temperament

This Dog Breed Temperament

This is  a comprehensive description of the American Eskimo Dog breed temperament.

  1. Intelligence: This dog breed is highly intelligent, making them responsive to training. So They can quickly understand new commands and tricks. 
  2. Protectiveness: They are good watchdogs because of their protective instinct, and They are alert and bark to potential threats in front of their owners. They pay good attention to their surroundings and unusual or unfamiliar things.
  3. Friendly: They are normally friendly with people, especially children, and like to enjoy human companions.
  4. Playful: This dog breed has a playful nature and enjoys interactive play and games. So they are very suitable to adopt as good family pets.

Their Health

If we talk about their health, they are a generally healthy breed. But sometimes, they have certain health issues like other dog breeds. Getting advice from a veterinary surgeon can  maintain their health issues easily. So following you can see common health issues. This will help you to identify your Eskimo dog’s health problems early and treat them well.

American Eskimo Health
  1. Hip Dysplasia: Many dog breeds have this orthopedic issue including American Eskimo dogs. If their hip joint doesn’t develop correctly, they have to endure this orthopedic issue. So, Care about this issue, especially when they are in childhood.
  2. Diabetes: This dog breed can be prone to diabetes. So give them a diet and medication throughout their life and prevent this health problem.
  3. Hypothyroidism: If their thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, they are prone to have Hypothyroidism. It can cause other health issues like weight gain and skin issues. So, meet a veterinary surgeon regularly and save your Eskimo dog from these health problems.
  4. Allergies: This dog breed has skin allergies. But you can prevent these issues by dietary adjustments and treatments.
  5. Dental Issues: Like other dog breeds, these dogs also can be susceptible to dental issues. Regular dental examinations by a veterinary surgeon can prevent these dental issues.

Not only these health problems, but they also have to endure some other health problems like Juvenile cataracts, White dog Shaker Syndrome, Obesity, Luxating patella and progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA).

You can prevent these issues by getting medicines and solutions from a veterinary surgeon. Also, proper diet, Exercise and regular grooming can maintain your dog’s healthy lifestyle.

American Eskimo Dog Maintenance

Follow these essential aspects to maintain your  Eskimo dog.

American Eskimo Dog Maintenance
  1. Grooming: This dog breed has a thick double coat. It should be brushed and removed loose hair to prevent matting, especially during shedding seasons. 
  2. Bathing: bathe your dog using a dog-specific shampoo when they get dirty and every few months.
  3. Exercise: you should provide daily walks to them to get energy and maintain a healthy weight. And they want mental stimulation as much as physical activities. So puzzle toys and obedience training can challenge their intelligence.
  4. Training: Give them obedience training and socialization. As their obedience training, teach them commands and good behaviors. Also, as their socialization, expose your dog to different people, animals, environments and various situations. 
  5. Diet: ve them a balGianced diet, including Commercial dog food and age-appropriate food to maintain a healthy life, and avoid giving human foods like chocolate, grapes, and onions.
  6. Temperature Considerations: Protect your American Eskimo dog from the hot and cool weather. In hot weather, provide water shade and avoid exercising them. In cool weather, use appropriate outerwear to protect them from extreme cold.  

 Dog Breed Recognition

This dog breed is recognized by several organizations and kennel clubs. Among them, the American Kennel Club (AKC) has officially recognized this dog breed. Other organizations are,

 Dog Breed Recognition
  • United Kennel Club (UKc)
  • Canadian Kennel Club (CKC)
  • The Kennel Club (UK)
  • Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI)
  • America’s Pet Registry (APR)

American Eskimo dog FAQ

People also ask many questions about this Eskimo breed. Among them, following you can see their main questions with proper answers.

Are American Eskimos Good Pets?

This dog can make excellent pets for their owner and his family. Because They are typically friendly with people, especially children, and like to enjoy human companionship.

Why Do They Bark So Much?

Because they are good watchdogs, they are alert and bark to potential threats in front of their owners. But they are not an aggressive breed.

Is the American Eskimo a Husky?

American Eskimo dogs and Siberian Huskies have some physical similarities, like a thick double coat, their looks, and ears. But they are two distinct breeds.

How Big Are American Eskimos ?

This dog breed comes in three sizes: Toy, Miniature and standard. But individual Eskimos can grow more than these sizes.


You can follow this comprehensive description of the American Eskimo dog breed through this article and can get clear ideas before adding them to your family. This dog breed is very suitable to adopt because of their affectionate nature and Protectiveness.

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